AMMREN BlogLatest NewsMalaria In Pregnancy: How Does It Affect Pregnant Woman And The Developing Baby?

July 9, 2021by ammren_admin

Pregnant women have a compromised immune system, which makes them more vulnerable to other diseases. Know what happens when pregnant women contract malaria.

As the country reels against the ferocious wave of Covid-19, the last thing we want is the outbreak of vector-borne diseases like dengue, malaria in India. The arrival of monsoon, on the other hand, significantly increases the risk of transmission of these tropical, vector-borne illnesses. Seasonal illnesses may be debilitating and deadly at a time when we are currently dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic, with additional variations being recognised for their virulence and transmissibility.

Adults who have had many malaria infections throughout the course of their lives may develop partial immunity to severe or deadly malaria. We talked to Dr Hemangi Negi, Senior consultant Obstetrician, and Gynecologist at Max hospital, Vaishali, to understand how malaria affects the pregnant woman.

How Does Malaria Affect Pregnancy?

After tuberculosis, malaria is the second leading cause of mortality from infectious diseases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, pregnant women lose some protection from malaria infection due to changes in their immune systems and the existence of a new organ (the placenta) with new locations for parasites to adhere. So, malaria in pregnancy is more severe due to the altered immune response in pregnancy. It can harm both mother and baby. It can cause anaemia in the mother or even the death of the mother. Malaria can lead to preterm delivery, low-weight babies, growth restriction of the fetus inside, and death of the baby inside.

Can You Take Malaria Tablets When Pregnant?

Yes, you can take anti-malaria drugs when you are pregnant. The drugs which can be taken are chloroquine, Quinine, and Azithromycin.

Can Malaria Cause Miscarriage?

Malaria can cause miscarriage in pregnancy, especially in early pregnancy. Taking anti-malaria drugs can help to prevent the risk of miscarriage. Pregnant women can take the antimalarial drug in any month of the pregnancy if she is suffering from malaria. The above-mentioned drugs should be given as they might not have antimalarial effects on the fetus.

Signs Of Malaria In Pregnant Women

Pregnant women who contract malaria may experience these symptoms:

  • Fever with chills
  • Rigour
  • Headache
  • Pain in muscles
  • Pain in joints
  • Feeling of discomfort
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dehydration
  • Anaemia

If a pregnant woman notices these symptoms, she must consult her doctor immediately to avoid complications.

If A Pregnant Woman Suffering From Covid-19 Also Contracts Malaria, What To Do In Such A Case Of Double Infection?

If a pregnant patient with covid-19 contracts malaria, then I will definitely take the help of the physician. We will look after the complications of malaria in pregnancy to the fetus and covid in pregnancy. We will simultaneously treat both infections to avoid any further complications.